With the fall of the Ottoman Empire and the establishment of the Turkish Republic in 1923, a more democratic society emerged, emphasizing women's rights. We have listed the most inspiring Turkish women who made their mark in history in this article.
Born in 1913, Gökçen was an orphan and one of 13 children adopted by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Turkish Republic. He granted her the surname Gökçen, which means "belonging to the sky," in the 1934 Surname Law. At 23, Gökçen became the world's first female fighter pilot, and the Guinness Book of World Records acknowledged her achievement.
Halet ambel, who was born in 1916, was a woman of many skills. She discovered a Phoenician alphabet tablet that unlocked the secret to Hittite hieroglyphics as a Sorbonne-trained archeologist who was crucial in building the Karatepe open-air museum. Ambel's history would include fencing, as her abilities in the discipline led her to become the first Muslim woman to compete in the Olympics in 1936.
Mualla Eyübolu was the sister of Blue Cruise novelist Sabahattin Eyübolu and Bedri Rahmi Eyübolu, one of Turkey's most famous painters. Mualla Eyübolu, born in 1919, was an architect and restorer who was a key instructor and figure in the development of the Village Institutes, a chain of rural institutions meant to produce teachers that provided instruction in both practical and classical subjects.
Azra Erhat, born in 1915, was a Turkish novelist, archaeologist, classical philologist, and translator of Ancient Greek literature such as Homer's "Iliad" and "Odyssey." Her work alone introduced the country to the epic tales and heroes of antiquity from the same places, resulting in the establishment of social sciences in Turkey.