Turkey has a history that many civilizations, religions, and languages are blended. Each of its geographical regions was home to historical beauties and artisans for its own. Some of the many historical buildings remaining from civilizations have been protected within the framework of their cultural heritage. Kars, the city that is Turkey's gateway to the Caucasus, also has many historical structures. One of the oldest structures among these is the Mren Cathedral.
The Mren Cathedral, which was included in the list of the World Monuments Foundation in 2013, bears traces of Armenian history but also shows how sublime art is, even though centuries have passed.
According to historians and linguists, the cathedral of Mren for the princes of the Pakraduni dynasty, was built by Davit Saaruni in 619. Mren is believed to be Armenia's largest intact domed basilica from the seventh century. It was constructed using rubble masonry, a common building method in medieval Armenia and Georgia, and was embellished with interior paintings and a ceramic tile roof. Additions and inscriptions were added to the edifice as the church changed hands over the ages.
It is observed that from the moment of the arrival of the Turkmens, the Armenians began to leave, and the cathedral remains derelict. Due to the influence of the seasons, the southern facade of the cathedral has become quite worn out over the years. Since it is located in the military district, it is not easy to enter the territory without a government permit. In addition, this situation has in a way prevented the damage that may be caused by human hands.
The Mren Cathedral is the oldest historical edifice in the region, following the 5th-century Degor church, which is considered as Armenia's oldest Christian temple.