Turkey is known worldwide for its marble manufacturing, but it also possesses rich natural reserves of a variety of minerals, rocks, and stones. Turkey's reserves are notable not just for their quantity but also for their quality.
Turkish marble is a metamorphic rock made up primarily of recrystallized carbonate minerals such as calcite and dolomite. Marble can have formations. Stonemasons use the term "marble" to refer to both metamorphosed and unmetamorphosed limestone. Geologists use the word "marble" to refer to metamorphosed limestone; however, stonemasons use the term "marble" to refer to both metamorphosed and unmetamorphosed limestone. Marble is a popular choice for sculpting and construction.
Turkey's natural stone industry primarily produces marble, granite, limestone, travertine, serpentine, diabase, and slate. For the first time in 1996, Turkey's General Directorate of Mineral Research and Exploration (Maden Tetkik ve Arama Genel Mudurlugu, MTA) estimated the natural stone sources as 5x10.9 cubic meters. Since then, Turkey's natural stone sector has been steadily growing year after year. The average annual growth rate has been doubled that of the rest of the globe. Turkey ranks fourth in the world in terms of natural stone output, behind China, India, and Italy.
Turkey's marble reserves are scattered over the country, although concentrated in Afyon, Balikesir, Denizli, Tokat, Mugla, and Canakkale. More than 680 million metric tons of marble known as Golpazari Beige may be found southeast of Istanbul, making it Turkey's most significant source of its sort. Similarly, Mustafa Kemalpasa, located southwest of Istanbul, has around 190 million metric tons of white marble. The Marmara Region, Sivrihisar in Eskisehir; Harmantepe, Dokurcun and Akyaz in Sakarya, Hamursuztasi in Mugla; Aksihar, Yalova, Goksun in Kahramanmaras, Kazdagi in Edremit; Harmantepe, Dokurcun and Akyaz in Sakarya, Hamursu is abundant in terms of marble.